Life expectancy in Europe 2019
The population in the European Union is expected to increase between 2015 and 2080. However, there are some big differences between EU countries.
Sweden is one of the countries that is expected to increase its population the most, while several other countries in the Eastern EU are expected to have a large population reduction.
In 2015 there were about 508 million inhabitants in the EU. This number is expected to increase to 529 million in 2045 after that it will decline to 519 million in 2080.
So overall Eurostat is expecting an increase of around 2% in population for year 2015-2080.
Mainly the older people will increase and be a lot more of. Older people are aged 64 and older. They will be around 55 million more in 2080 than they are today.
Number of people aged under 20 will be the same in 2080. This means that by 2080, approximately two in ten EU residents will be under the age of 20, three out of ten be over 64 and five out of ten in the most active ages 20–64.
You can see on the first picture there will be more older people in EU in 2080 and the work force will decrease. Children aged up to 20 year will be around same amout.
Born, dead and net migration:
In the second picture you can see the orange line that stand for new borned. The gray top line are deaths and blue below are net migration ( emigration – imigration).
At the beginning of the 1960, there were almost twice as many who where born than died. Since then, the number of births per year has strongly decreased while the number of deaths has increased.
In year 2015 was the first time more people died than were born in the EU.
The average number of children born per woman has decreased in all countries. At the end of the year 1990, the number of children born per woman was lowest recorded. Many countries in Southern and Eastern Europe have for a long time had a childbirth that has been less than 1.5 children per woman.
Life expectancy has strongly increased in all EU countries. In the year 2002 we finally got data for which you can see life expectancy for the whole EU. In 2002 the average life expectancy was 74.5 years for men and 80.9 years for women. Since then, it has increased by 3.4 years for men and 2.4 years for women. Today, there are two countries where women’s lives are over 85 years, Spain and France, and four countries where men’s lives are over 80 years, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg and Sweden
The total migration, the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants, has varied during diffrent periods. Since the mid-1980s, more people have immigrated to the EU annually than emigrated from the EU.
In recent years, there has been a high net immigration to the EU. This means that there are more people who immigrate to the EU than emigrate from the EU. According to preliminary data, there were almost two million more immigrants in 2015 than it was as emigrated. In the future, we could be sure to expect more immigrants than emigrants, but net immigration will be at a lower level than in 2015, averaging about one million people a year. From around 2035, net immigration is expected to decline slowly and in 2080 it is estimated to be around 700,000 people into the EU.
Ökning – increase
Minsking – decrease
green are +/- 10 % could go either way.
Immigration in Scandinavia and EU:
Sweden is among the countries that are expected to have the largest population increase between 2015 and 2080. Norway and Denmark are also expected to have relatively large population increases, while Finland is estimated to have about the same population in 2080 as today. The countries that are expected to receive the largest population reduction are mainly in Eastern and Southern Europe. In Lithuania, the population is estimated to decline by over 40%. Among the countries with the largest decrease are also Portugal and Greece. Today, Sweden has a smaller population than these countries. In 2080, Sweden is expected to have a larger population than both Portugal and Greece
Germany, for example, the number of inhabitants is expected to be less, while the UK and France are expected to have a increse of population. This means that in 2080 Germany, now the most populated country in the EU, will have fewer inhabitants than both Britain and France has.
Sweden is today the EU’s 14 most populated country. Since Sweden’s population is expected to increase at the same time as the population decreases in many other EU countries, Sweden is expected in 2080 to be the EU’s 9 most biggest populated country.
In 2080, it is estimated that more people are born than those who die in only six of the EU countries: France, Spain, Sweden, the UK, Ireland and Belgium all other EU countries will have decrease in population.
The countries that are expected to reduce its population the most is Lithuania, Latvia, Bulgaria and Greece, they are expected to have more emigrants for a long time than immigrants and they are also expected to have more deaths every year than those born in the country.
Hint: find out what contry will increase its population, make your research on the market and you will now what company to invest for the long run. Maybe if you find a good turist city in a country that increse its population and have undervalued houses? Or you could invest in Medical or Health care stocks because the population will grow older in EU? You got the stats now make you long run reaserch on the stock market for what company will benefit from this demografs.
What do you think about this? What company can benefit from this statistics?
Here is an older post about Denmark Immigration Island ( clicke me)
Eurostats ( click me)
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Source: EUROSTAT, SACO, centralstatistiska byrån Sverige